The composition of microorganisms in the skin lesions focus in patients with seborrheic dermatitis
The purpose of the work is monitoring the microbial landscape of the skin of patients with seborrheic dermatitis.
Materials and research methods. We observed 67 patients with seborrheic dermatitis aged 18 to 57 years. The average age of the patients was 27.5 years. All patients with seborrheic dermatitis were examined using the following methods: skin examination; microscopic, bacteriological methods; a general and biochemical blood test; a general urinalysis; consideration of the patient's subjective sensations.
Results and its discussion. Among patients with seborrheic dermatitis, fatty seborrhea was found in 39 (58 %), a mixed form of seborrheic dermatitis was found in 20 (30 %) patients. While bacteriological and microscopic examination of the sampling material from the affected areas of the skin of patients with seborrheic dermatitis is carried out, it is noteworthy to consider that in 59 (88.1%) patients Malassezia spp. is detected, which indicates a certain its value in the occurrence and course of the pathological condition. Among other microorganisms the examinations revealed: St. capitis - at 54 (80.1 %), St. epidermidis - at 36 (53.7 %), Micrococcus spp. - at 20 (29.9 %), Acinetobacter spp. - at 10 (14.9 %). With a lesser degree of contamination, St. aureus, St. capitis, St. hominis, St. cohnii, St. xylosus have been found.
Conclusions. It is necessary to consider the presence of fungi Malassezia spp. in association with pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms that support the inflammatory process and affect the development and course of the disease while planning the treatment of patients with seborrheic dermatitis.
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